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Environmental Madness (V)

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c) Methane, a Gas which Gives No Cause for Concern

“Methane results from the anaerobic fermentation of organic matter (plant and animal). Rice paddies, ruminants and termites are methane producers. So are periodically flooded areas with vegetation (like the thousands of acres in the Amazonian floodplains). However, although areas cultivated with rice have increased and ruminants are growing at the rate of 17 million animals per year (Brazil now has over 200 million head of cattle), according to measurements by the National Oceanic and Atmosphere Administration

NOAA emblem

(NOAA), NASA’s sister agency the concentration of methane has stabilized and even shown negative annual rates (i.e., a decrease in concentration).

“Methane concentrations have stabilized in the last 20 years even as agricultural activities such as rice cultivation and ruminant livestock expanded. No one, not even the foremost methane specialist, Aslam Khalil of Portland State University (USA) knows the Aslam Khalilreason why. In my opinion, in the present conditions of temperature and atmospheric pressure methane has reached a saturation level of concentration; and the additional methane which has been released into the atmosphere (since its sources are still increasing) is most likely being absorbed by the oceans. This is one more piece of evidence that human activities alter neither the atmospheric concentration of so-called greenhouse gases nor the planet’s climate (or temperature). Rather, its concentration is temperature-dependent. Our rice farmers and cattle ranchers can breathe a sigh of relief knowing  they are not at all responsible for global warming.

“Since the planet is  cooling will continue to cool over the next 20 years, the concentrations of these gases will decrease. That already  begun with methane will happen with CO2.  But they denied this at the Copenhagen meeting of COP-15.”

d) Melting Ice Does Not Raise Sea Levels

“One cannot deny that the global temperature has increased over the last 100 years, but it happened by natural rather than anthropogenic processes (caused by man). Arctic sea ice already melted between 1920 and 1945, when man released into the atmosphere less than 10% of the carbon produced today. The ice cover in 2009 was thicker than it was after the harsh winter of 2007 in the northern hemisphere (North America, Siberia and China).

 

“The permanence of the ice depends on the heat transported by sea currents – the (hot) Kuroshio current in the Pacific (Japan), and the (hot) current from the Gulf of Mexico in the Atlantic. When more active (as in the 1995-2007 period), the latter transports more heat to the Arctic and melts the floating ice. Upon melting, the ice does not raise the sea level because it already displaces the same volume it will occupy when melted. This heat transport is partly controlled by a lunar cycle of 18.66 years, which attained its peak in 2005-2006. Studies have shown that the continental ice on Greenland has remained there since the last ice age (with the exception of the medieval period) for over 15,000 years. In turn, the ice on Antarctica (South Pole), continued to grow in the last 60-70 years.

 

“A noteworthy and recognized fact is that during the last two thousand years (between the years 800-1200 in the medieval period) there was greater global warming than now; it was called the Medieval Climate Optimum (or Medieval Warm Period), and this warming allowed the Norsemen (Vikings) to colonize northern Canada and southern Greenland, which is now covered with ice. And according to estimates, CO2 concentrations then were below 280 ppmv (parts per million by volume).”

e) Media-Produced Global Warming

“The national and foreign press place exaggerated emphasis on man-made climate warming. Our written and televised media merely repeat, uncritically, what comes from abroad. This is due perhaps to a lack of knowledge or interest in the subject among journalists or to the interests of those who control the media. The media have been anesthetizing citizens by  so-called ‘brainwashing’. The impression one gets is that man is the great villain responsible for climate change. As a venue of information, the media should be neutral, hear  different opinions and try to report only proven scientific knowledge and its limitations.

“Warming is something that has happened before. In the early 1940s it was said that the world was ‘boiling and suffocating’ due to the natural warming that occurred between 1925 and 1946. In the early 70s, on the contrary, we were said to be on the verge of a new ice age as global cooling occurred from 1947 to 1976. Something else that has happened before are catastrophic weather events. But now, when they occur they are instrumentalized as an argument that the climate is changing. Extreme events have always occurred in the past long before reaching the CO2 concentration mentioned above.

Euclides da Cunha

“The worst drought in northeastern Brazil, during which half a million Northeasterners died, occurred in 1877-1879, according to writer Euclides da Cunha in Os Sertões. The three major floods in Manaus occurred in 1953, 1976 and 1922 when the Pacific Ocean was cold. The record flood of 2009 also occurred with a cold Pacific and a declining ‘global average temperature’ as per satellite observation data in the last 10 years.

“Nor should we confuse the intensity of meteorological phenomena with the vulnerability of society, which increases with population growth.

“Society tends to cluster in large cities, now making more catastrophic a phenomenon with the same intensity as another that took place in the past. The deadliest hurricane in the United States occurred in 1900 in Galveston, Texas, claiming the lives of more than 10,000 people. At that time the local population density was six times lower than today, so today the same hurricane would probably have a much more devastating effect. Man has no ability to change the global climate but only to modify his surroundings, his own environment.”

f) The Kyoto Protocol, Expensive and Useless

“From the standpoint of the greenhouse effect and global warming, the Kyoto Protocol is useless. It proposes a 5.2% reduction in emissions compared to 1990 levels. We are talking about 0.3 billion tons of carbon per year (GtC/y). To get an idea, it is estimated that the natural production from  the oceans, soils and vegetation totals about 200 GtC/y.

 

The margin of error in these estimates is 20% (40 GtC/y up + 40 GtC/ down = 80 GtC/y), 13 times more than what man puts into the atmosphere and 270 times the reduction proposed by Kyoto. A useless reduction, as are any attempts to reduce carbon concentrations in the atmosphere in order to ‘fight the greenhouse effect’.”

g) The Ozone Layer Is Gone... From the News

“With my age and knowledge of this area I have seen something very similar happen in the near past, which resulted exactly from the same ‘recipe’: the elimination of chlorofluorocarbon compounds or CFCs (Montreal Protocol) on the pretext it was destroying the ozone layer. It is known that the concentration of ozone depends on solar activity, more specifically on the production of ultraviolet (UV) radiation. In other words, the ozone does not filter UV but the UV is consumed, removed from the solar flux to form ozone. The sun has a 90-year cycle. In the first two decades of the twentieth century it was at the low end of this cycle and attained a maximum in 1957/58, the International Geophysical Year, when the network to measure ozone concentration expanded and ozone data began to be widely collected and disseminated.

 

“From the 1960s, solar activity (UV) began to decline and the ozone layer gradually had its concentrations reduced. The sun is entering a new minimum in its 90-year cycle and will be with low activity in the next 22 years until around 2035. During this period the ozone layer will reach its minimum values ever since its monitoring began. In principle, the sun will only return to a maximum activity similar to that of the 1960s around the year 2050. Only then will the ozone layer possibly attain the same levels of the 1950’s and 60’s. But since CFCs have been virtually eliminated and economic exploitation has been resolved, people no longer talk about it…”

h) Human Interference with the Climate Is Limited

“Man is unable to change the global climate but has a great ability to modify or destroy his local environment. The Earth surface is 71% ocean 29% land. Half of this  29% is either ice (glaciers) or sand (deserts), while 7% to 8% of the remainder is covered with native and planted forests. So man manipulates about 7% of the global surface, which does not enable him to destroy the world.

 

“Along with solar activity, the oceans are the major regulators of global climate. But there are other external controllers such as volcanic eruptions and possibly galactic cosmic rays, which may interfere with the cloud cover.

 

“In short, the Earth’s climate is not only a result of the greenhouse effect or CO2 and its concentration. It is the product of everything that happens in the universe and interacts with our planet. Environmental conservation is necessary for the survival of mankind but it is independent of climate change.” [1]

[1] Cf. Catolicismo, No. 709, January 2010.

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