A New Pact of Catacombs

Shrouded by darkness on the night of Nov. 16, 1965, 42 bishops led by the “red” Abp. Hélder Câmara of Olinda and Recife, Brazil, secretly left the Vatican and met at the Santa Domitilla Catacombs on the edge of Rome. As the curtain fell on Vatican II, they celebrated Mass and signed a secret document