Numbers refer to items of the original document. “9. The Amazon River basin and the surrounding tropical forests nourish the soil and regulate, through the recycling of moisture, the cycles of water, energy and carbon at the planetary level. The Amazon River alone sends 15% of the total fresh water of the planet every year into
Some claim that deforestation will turn the Amazon into a desert.According to the definition given by the World Meteorological Organization, a desert is a region in which it rains less than 200 mm per year. Therefore, with an average precipitation of 2,400 mm per year, the Amazon would never be classified as a desert. The
The International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) shows that from the beginning of data analysis up to 1999/2000, global cloud coverage has been reduced by 5% (Figure 1). The planetary albedo is the fraction of solar radiation flux that is reflected (rejected) by the planet into outer space and consequently does not participate in the
The greenhouse effect phenomenon, as described in meteorology books, is not only questionable, but also defies the laws of thermodynamics. This phenomenon is not described in physics books. The classic version compares it to that which occurs in greenhouses, where solar radiation passes through the glass panels and warms the ground and the air inside.